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Mammut borsoni
Topic Started: Sep 19 2016, 02:48 AM (925 Views)
Mastodon
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Mammut borsoni

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Temporal range: Late Miocene - Late Pleistocene, 5.3–0.011 Ma

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Synapsida
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: †Mammutidae
Genus: †Mammut
Species:Mammut borsoni

Mastodons (Greek: μαστός "breast" and ὀδούς, "tooth") are any species of extinct mammutid proboscideans in the genus Mammut, distantly related to elephants, that inhabited North and Central America during the late Miocene or late Pliocene up to their extinction at the end of the Pleistocene 10,000 to 11,000 years ago. Mastodons lived in herds and were predominantly forest dwelling animals that fed on a mixed diet obtained by browsing and grazing with a seasonal preference for browsing, similar to living elephants.

Physical Description
Modern reconstructions based on partial and skeletal remains reveal that mastodons were very similar in appearance to elephants and, to a lesser degree, mammoths, though not closely related to either one. Compared to mammoths, mastodons had shorter legs, a longer body and were more heavily muscled, a build similar to that of the current Asian Elephants.

M. borsoni, is known from 30–40-year-old males that were 3.9–4.1 metres (12.8–13.5 ft) tall and 14–16 tonnes (14–16 long tons; 15–18 short tons) in weight.

A large species Mammut during the Pilocene, that was fossil recond in Europe and Asia. According to Greek' fossil , we know Mammut borsoni shoulder high about 3.5 m, incisors about 4.3 m. In China,also found Mammut borsoni, but most material is only single molar, the best material is a jaw.

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Edited by Taipan, Oct 7 2016, 09:06 PM.
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Taipan
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Confused Administrator - is this profile for Mammut borsoni (Borson Mammoth), or Zygolophodon Borsoni, or are the same (ie the genus has changed for this species)? Wiki does not list M. borsoni as a species within Zygolophodon : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zygolophodon

The pictures below list the species as Mammut borsoni.
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Zygolophodon is indeed mammut borsoni, I guess they wanted to make the name less complicated with mammuth as they are mammuts like mastodons but kept borsoni as the last name.
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