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Auvergne Bear - Ursus minimus
Topic Started: Apr 20 2017, 05:02 AM (241 Views)
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Auvergne Bear - Ursus minimus

Temporal range: Pliocene–Pleistocene

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Caniformia
Superfamily: Arctoidea
Family: Ursidae
Subfamily: Ursinae
Tribe: Ursini
Genus: Ursus
Species: Ursus minimus

Ursus minimus (Auvergne bear) is an extinct species of bear, endemic to Europe during the Pliocene and Pleistocene, living from 5.3—1.8 Mya, existing for about 3.5 million years.

U. minimus appears to have given rise to Ursus etruscus. The range of U. minimus was continental Europe and as far east as the Black Sea in Russia. Its southern range was Italy.

The skeleton of U. minimus was very similar to that of the larger Asiatic Black Bear. With the exception of the age of the bones, it is often difficult to distinguish the remains of U. minimus from those of modern Asiatic Black Bears.

Fossil distribution
Sites and specimen ages:

  • Kossiakino 1, Stavropol'skaya, Russian Federation ~5.3—3.4 Mya.
  • Kuchurgan gravel site, Ukraine ~4.9—4.2 Mya.
  • Osztramos locality 7, Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Hungary ~3.4—1.8 Mya.
  • Seneze (Domeyrat) site, France ~3.4—1.8 Mya.
    Meleto site, Tuscany, Italy ~3.2—2.5 Mya.

Edited by Taipan, May 6 2017, 08:09 PM.
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