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Visayan Tarictic Hornbill - Penelopides panini
Topic Started: Jan 8 2012, 10:23 PM (1,330 Views)
Taipan
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Visayan Tarictic Hornbill - Penelopides panini

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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Bucerotidae
Genus: Penelopides
Species: Penelopides panini


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Male (w/ white head feathers) and female with Black plumage

The Visayan Tarictic Hornbill (Penelopides panini) is a hornbill found in rainforests on the islands of Panay, Negros, Masbate, and Guimaras, and formerly Ticao, in the Philippines. It formerly included all other Philippine tarictic hornbills as subspecies, in which case the common name of the 'combined species' was shortened to Tarictic Hornbill.

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Description
The adults show sexual dimorphism. The male has a creamy-white head and neck, a white upper chest, a reddish brown lower chest and uppertail-coverts, and a creamy-white buff tail with a broad black tip. The bill and casque are blackish; the former with yellowish ridges. The bare ocular skin is pinkish-white. The tail and bill of the female resemble that of the male, but otherwise the plumage of the female is black, and the ocular skin is blue.

Diet and behavior
Visayan Tarictic Hornbills live in groups and frequent the canopy of rainforests. These birds are noisy and emit an incessant sound that sounds like ta-rik-tik, hence the name. Despite their noise they are difficult to find, being well camouflaged by the dense foliage.
The principal food of Visayan Tarictic Hornbill is fruit. It also eats insects, beetles, ants and earthworms (rarely).

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Subspecies
• Visayan Tarictic Hornbill, Penelopides panini panini - Panay, Negros, Masbate and Guimaras.
• Ticao Tarictic Hornbill, Penelopides panini ticaensis - Ticao (likely extinct).

[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhE1F0DL2vY[/youtube]
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